Instructions for authors

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  • Instructions for authors
  • Enacted December 10, 2020

Table of Contents

1. General

Organoid gives priority to high-quality academic experimental or clinical research that will contribute to the development of knowledge of the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of Organoid. Manuscripts types include original articles, reviews, images of interest, editorials, and letters to the editor.

2. Ethical guidelines for research and publication

All work must conform to the ethical guidelines specified on Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (
It is recommended that any research dealing with a clinical trial be registered with a primary national clinical trial registration site such as, or other sites accredited by the WHO or the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. The relevant studies must have been approved by the Institutional Ethics Board or Institutional Review Board of each institution. It should also be noted, where applicable, that study subjects provided written informed consent. In cases of animal experimental studies, the experimental procedure must conform to the guidelines of the Institutional Ethics Board or those specified on the NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. The editorial board reserves the right to require authors to submit copies of informed consent forms and a letter of the approval signed by the Institutional Ethics Board, if applicable.

2-1. Disclosure of conflict of interest

All authors are required to upload disclosure forms when their manuscript is submitted to the Journal. Please upload these forms along with your other manuscript files, choosing File Designation: "Disclosure of Financial Interest Form(S)." Disclosure form shall be same with ICMJE Uniform Disclosure Form for Potential Conflicts of Interest ( When a manuscript is accepted for publication,Organoid will determine the part(s) of an author's disclosure that will be published with the manuscript.

2-2. Authorship

In accordance with the ICMJE recommendations defining the role of authors, authorship should be based on all four of the following criteria. Please see the ICMJE Recommendations ( for more information.

  • 1) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  • 2) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  • 3) Final approval of the version to be published; AND
  • 4) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

2-3. Plagiarism and duplicate publication

The submitted manuscript should be original and should not either had been published or submitted to other scientific journals at the same time. In addition, part or all of the accepted manuscript should not be duplicated in other scientific journals without the permission of the editorial committee. The submitted manuscript will be evaluated for possible plagiarism or duplicated publication by CrossCheck upon arrival. If plagiarism or duplicate publications related to the paper of this journal are detected, these issues will be announced in the journal, the institute of the authors will be informed and penalties will be imposed on the authors. It is mandatory for authors to resolve any copyright issues when citing a figure or table from other journals which are not open access.
With regard to all matters associated with research ethics, such as ethical guidelines and plagiarism/duplicate publication/scientific misconduct, the review and processing procedures are based on 'Good Publication Practice Guidelines for Medical Journals' ( and 'Guidelines on Good Publication' (

3. Submission of manuscripts

All manuscripts must be submitted at the Organoid e-submission website, Only manuscripts submitted through the web site will be considered for review.

4. Review process

All submitted manuscripts are screened for duplication through Crosscheck ( before review. All contributions (including solicited articles) are critically reviewed by the editorial board members, and/or reviewers. Reviewers' comments are usually returned to authors. The decision of the editor is final. Manuscripts are sent simultaneously to two (or more) reviewers for double-blinded peer review. Authors will receive notification of the publication decision, along with copies of the reviews and instructions for revision, if appropriate, within two months after receipt of the submission.
All manuscripts from editors, employees, or members of the editorial board are processed the same way as other unsolicited manuscripts. During the review process, they will not engage in the selection of reviewers and decision process. Editors will not handle their own manuscripts even if they are commissioned ones.

5. Manuscript preparation

All materials must be written in clear, appropriate English. The manuscript must be written in 12-point font with double-line spacing and at least 2.5-cm margins on A4 size paper using Microsoft Word.
All pages should be numbered consecutively starting with the title page as page 1. Line numbers (i.e., 1, 2, 3 etc.) should be displayed in the left-hand margin of the manuscript file. Line numbering can be added from the File/Page Setup menu of word processing programs and should be continuous throughout the manuscript file. Do not restart numbering from each page.

A. Original Articles

The total length should not exceed 5,000 words (excluding the abstract, references, and table/figure legends). The total number of tables and figures should be fewer than 10.
Manuscripts should begin with the title page followed by an Abstract and Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conflicts of Interest, Acknowledgements, References (up to 40 references), Tables and/or Figures.
Acronyms should be avoided where possible. Where a complex or cumbersome term or phrase is repeatedly used, however, it should be abbreviated, preferably using standard abbreviations. The abbreviation should be appear in parentheses following the first use of the term or phrase and can then be used in the remainder of the text.
Human names, regional names and other proper nouns should be used in their original form. Arabic numerals should be used. Laboratory measurements should be expressed in SI (Standard International) units. A single space is usually required between the numeral and the unit; no space is inserted for % and ℃.

  • ▪ Title page
  • The title page should contain the following information: (1) title (less than 150 characters, including spaces); (2) author list (first name, middle name, and last name); (3) name of the institutions at which the work was performed; (4) name, address, telephone, fax number, and e-mail address of the corresponding author; and (5) running title (less than 50 characters, including spaces).
  • ▪ Author Contributions
  • What authors have done for the study should be described in this title page. To qualify for authorship, all contributors must meet at least one of the seven core contributions by CRediT (conceptualization, methodology, software, validation, formal analysis, investigation, data curation), as well as at least one of the writing contributions (original draft preparation, review and editing). Authors may also satisfy the other remaining contributions; however, these alone will not qualify them for authorship.
    Contributions will be published with the final article, and they should accurately reflect contributions to the work. The submitting author is responsible for completing this information at submission, and it is expected that all authors will have reviewed, discussed, and agreed to their individual contributions ahead of this time.
    • • Examples of authors' contributions are as followings:
    • Conceptualization: Hong GD (for Gil Dong Hong)
    • Methodology: Kim Y, Kim GD (for Younghee Kim and Gil-Dong Kim)
    • Formal analysis: Kim CS (for Chul-Soo Kim)
    • Data curation: ...
    • Software: ...
    • Validation: ...
    • Investigation: ...
    • Writing - original draft preparation: ...
    • Writing - review and editing: ...
    • Approval of final manuscript: all authors.
  • ▪ Abstract and Keywords
  • A structured abstract of up to 250 words should be provided, containing categories such as Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusion. The objectives, observations, and main results should be provided. Case reports and review articles should be an unstructured paragraph (case reports, 150–250 words; review articles, up to 250 words).
    Three to ten keywords, reflecting the contents of the manuscript, should be included. Authors should use MeSH ( terms from Index Medicus. The first character of each word should be in upper case.
  • ▪ Introduction
  • Relevant background information should be briefly set out and the objectives of the study should be clearly and concisely stated.
  • ▪ Materials and Methods
  • This section should be detailed, and should be presented in a structured format, including study plan, materials and methods used. Statistical methods used for data analysis should be provided. In the case of clinical trials, authentication and approval from the Institutional Review Board should be specified.
    For equipment and reagents, the manufacturer, city and country should be provided in parentheses.
    Ensure correct use of the terms sex (when reporting biological factors) and gender (identity, psychosocial or cultural factors), and, unless inappropriate, report the sex and/or gender of study participants, the sex of animals or cells, and describe the methods used to determine sex and gender. If the study was done involving an exclusive population, for example in only one sex, authors should justify why, except in obvious cases (e.g., prostate cancer). Authors should define how they determined race or ethnicity and justify their relevance.
  • ▪ Results
  • A detailed description of the study results should be arranged in a logical manner. In the case of experimental studies, the bulk of the data should be presented in figures and tables. The contents of figures and tables should not be repeated in the main text. However, the main findings should be presented in the main text, with emphasis on the important trends, statistical significance and key points.
  • ▪ Discussion
  • The significance and implications of novel and important findings should be clearly and concisely presented, without unnecessary duplication of results. Based on this argument, plausible hypotheses could be proposed if warranted. Conclusions should refer to the study objectives.
  • ▪ Conflicts of Interest
  • Any potential conflicts of interest must be disclosed in this section. If there are no potential financial conflicts of interest, the following statement should be added: "No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported."
  • ▪ Acknowledgements
  • Co-workers and others who contributed significantly to the current study, but were not co-authors, should be mentioned in the acknowledgements.
  • ▪ Funding
  • If there is any funding resource, please describe it and its role. If not applicable, also denote that.
  • ▪ References
  • References should be ordered according to order of appearance in the text, using Vancouver style. Journal abbreviations should follow Index Medicus. Unpublished data should preferably not be cite d. Where this is unavoidable, however, the source should be placed in parentheses in the main text and such expressions as “personal opinion exchange” or “unpublished data” should be used.
  • • The citation superscript style is as follows:
    Reference number in the text, tables, and figures should in a bracket ([ ]). If there is a sequence of reference numbers at a given citation, the number should be described separately as [1, 2, 3].
  • • Style for reference list:
  • 1) Journal citations
  • Alam R, Rashid MMU, Boushey HA, Kabir MF, Kim HR. Endoplasmic reticulum stress and organoids. Organoid 2021;1:e3.
  • Drazen JM, Israel E, Boushey HA, Chinchilli VM, Fahy JV, Fish JE, et al. Comparison of regularly scheduled with as-needed use of albuterol in mild asthma. N Engl J Med 1996;335:841-7.
  • Alam N, Oskam E, Stassen PM, Exter PV, van de Ven PM, Haak HR, et al. Prehospital antibiotics in the ambulance for sepsis: a multicentre, open label, randomised trial. Lancet Respir Med 2017 Nov 28 [Epub].
  • All co-authors should be listed unless there are more than seven authors, in which case the first six are listed, followed by “et al.”.
  • 2) Whole books
  • Light RW. Pleural diseases. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2007.
  • 3) Book chapters
  • Ryu SH. Pulmonary vascular diseases. In: Han YC editor. Clinical pulmonology. Seoul: Ilchokak; 1990. p. 252-8.
  • McFadden ER Jr. Chapter 236. Asthma. In: Kasper DL, Braunwald E, Fauci AS, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Jameson JL, editors. Harrison's principles of internal medicine. 16th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Co, Inc.; 2005. p. 1508-16.
  • 4) Electronic references
  • World Health Organization. Global tuberculosis report 2015. WHO/HTM/TB/2015.22 [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2015 [cited 2015 Oct 30]. Available from:
  • 5) Other types of literature should be formatted are based on ‘Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers’.
  • ▪ Tables
  • Tables should be concise. Use horizontal lines only. Number tables in the order in which they are mentioned in the main text, and refer to them in the text as follows:
  • --- is represented (Table 1). Table 2 represents ---
  • Place the title above the table, using sentence case. Below each table, provide a key to abbreviations and additional explanations if needed. Table footnotes should use these symbols: *, †, ‡, §,∥, ¶, **, †† and ‡‡.
  • BAL: bronchoalveolar lavage; ICU: intensive care unit;
  • NS: not significant.
  • *p<0.001. †p<0.05.
  • Tables and legends should provide enough detail that the study data can be understood without reference to the main text.
  • ▪ Figures
  • Figures include graphs, line drawings and photographs. All figures in JPG (JPEG) or TIF (TIFF) format should be submitted separately from the main manuscript. Images should be clear, with resolution exceeding 300 dpi. Each figure should be accompanied by a number. It should be possible for readers to understand the figures without reference to the text. Number the figures in the order in which they are mentioned in the main text, and refer to them in the text as follows:
  • --- is shown (Fig. 1). Fig. 2 shows ---
  • If any images were not generated by the authors, this should be stated and the source provided. The magnification ratios should not be written for the photos taken via light microscopy. However, the magnification ratios and the names of the special staining methods, and the magnification ratios of the photomicrographs of electron microscopy should be briefly noted .

B. Review Articles

Review articles are generally prepared in the same format as original articles, but the details of manuscript format may be flexible according to the contents. They are organized as follows: title page, abstract and keywords, introduction, body text, conclusion, conflict of interests, acknowledgments, references, tables, and figure legends. There should be an unstructured abstract equal to or less than 250 words. The length of the text excluding references, tables, and figures should not exceed 5,000 words, with up to 100 references.

C. Case Reports

General rules for original articles apply to other types of manuscripts as well. The format should include introduction, case report, and discussion which are similar to that of an original article. The abstract must be 150–250 words and list keywords of 3–5 words. Describe briefly the case and other issues that are only directly related to the case. Avoid an exhaustive literature review, but provide a focused discussion on the aspects of interest that the reported case brings in. The length of the text excluding references, tables, and figures should not exceed 2,000 words, with up to 20 references. For case reports, authors should follow the CARE guidelines ( Authors should upload a completed checklist for the appropriate reporting guidelines during initial submission.

D. Images of Interest

Original, high-quality images are considered for publication (subject to editing and abridgment). There should be no more than two figures and five authors and they should not exceed 300 words in total, with up to 10 references. An abstract is not required.

E. Editorials

Editorials are invited by the Editor-in-Chief and should be commentaries on original articles published in the same issue of the Journal. Editorials should not exceed 1,000 words (excluding references, tables, and figures) and contain no more than 15 references. An abstract is not required.

F. Letters to the Editor

Letter to the Editor concerning recent publications in the Organoid will be published through review and approval by the editors when its scientific quality is acceptable and space in the Organoid is available. A Letter to the Editor should be concise and no longer than 1,000 words. It should have a title, distinct from the title of the referenced article, an unstructured main content, and a list of references which should be no more than 10. Only one table or figure would be accepted. An abstract is not required.

6. Article Processing Charge

There are no author submission fees or other publication-related charges. All cost for the publication process is supported by the Publisher. Organoid is a so-called platinum open access journal which does not charge author fees.

7. Open access

Open access policy

Organoid is an open access journal. Articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium except commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial purposes, the process of permission request to the Editorial Office of Organoid is mandatory. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative definition of open access.
It also follows the open access policy of PubMed Central at United States National Library of Medicine (
All the content of the journal is available immediately upon publication without embargo period.

Archiving policy

Deposit policy (Self-archiving policy) according to Sherpa/Romeo (

Author cannot archive pre-print (i.e. pre-refereeing). Author can archive post-print (i.e. final draft post-refereeing). Author can archive publisher's version/PDF.

Detailed description of use of articles of Organoid

  • □  Reader Benefit: Publisher applies the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial license to works it publishes & allows free immediate access to, and unrestricted reuse of, original works of all types for non-commercial purpose.
  • □  Reuse Benefit: Publisher applies the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial license to works it publishes & allows free immediate access to, and unrestricted reuse of, original works of all types for non-commercial purpose.
  • □  Copyrights: Publisher applies the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial license to works it publishes. Under this license, although publisher retains ownership of the copyright for content, it allows anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute and/or copy the content for non-commercial purpose.
  • □  Author Posting Benefit: Publisher applies the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial license to works it publishes. Under this license, although publisher retains ownership of the copyright for content, it allows anyone including author to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute and/or copy the content for non-commercial purpose.
  • □  Automatic Posting: Publisher immediately deposits the accepted articles in the journal homepage ( upon publication.

8. Copyrights

Representing all authors, corresponding author needs to sign a copyright transfer form electronically at the time of submission. A copyright transfer form is available at the Organoid e-submission website,

9. Contact information


Online ISSN: 2765-205X

Editorial Office
Room 319, Hall 1 of Chonbuk National University Dental College, 20, Geonji-ro, Deokjin-gu, Jeonju 54907, Korea
Tel: +82-63-270-4024    E-mail:                

Copyright © 2024 by The Organoid Society.

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